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Best Orthodontist: Understanding Orthodontics Orthodontics is the treatment of irregularities of teeth and jaws, especially concerning occlusion and alignment. Improper teeth and jaw alignment or occlusion are harder to clean that may result to tooth decay and gum disease. Because the teeth and jaw are not properly aligned, extra effort and stress on chewing muscles cause headaches, neck, shoulder and back pain, and TMJ syndrome. Orthodontic treatments promotes a healthier mouth, stronger teeth and improved appearance. The specialist in the field of orthodontics is termed as an orthodontist, specializing in correcting occlusion, bites and improper alignment of teeth. An orthodontist is a graduate of four years general dentistry and additional two or more years of education in an approved training program. A dentist or orthodontist is the only one who can determine if you will benefit from an orthodontic treatment. Diagnostic evaluation involves full physical examination, dental health history, clinical exam, x-rays, photographs and plaster models of your teeth. If you are suffering from overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing or crowding, then you are a good candidate for an orthodontic treatment. Overbite or buck teeth is the sticking out of upper ront teeth over the lower teeth. If the upper teeth is too far back or the lower teeth are too far forward, it is called underbite or “bulldog”. Crossbite is the term describing the dental condition wherein the upper teeth don’t come down in front of the lower teeth when biting. The presence of space between the biting surfaces of the side and front teeth when the back teeth bite together is termed as an open bite. As the term implies, misplaced midline is the improper alignment of the center of the upper front teeth to the center of lower teeth. Teeth that don’t fill up the mouth or missing teeth leads to spacing. Crowding refers to the dental ridge teeth accumulation. There are many types of appliances, categorized into two which are fixed and removable, helping in moving the teeth, retaining muscles and affecting the growth of the jaws. Removable appliances include aligners, removable space maintainers, jaw repositioning appliances, lip and neck bumpers, palatal expander, removable retainers and headgear, while fixed appliances include braces, special fixed appliances and fixed space maintainers. Braces are the most common fixed appliances, consisting of bands, wires and brackets. Bands are used as anchors, fixed around the teeth and are typically bonded to the front tooth.
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If you think you need an orthodontic treatment, we are here to help you out. We provide orthodontic treatments to our Indianapolis clients. Please check our website for more information.The Essentials of Orthodontists – Breaking Down the Basics